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  • Writer's pictureJesse Ledbetter

The Impact of AMCs: Increased Fraud, Costs, and Time in Appraisals



Appraisal Management Companies (AMCs) play a significant role in the real estate appraisal process, aiming to enhance transparency and objectivity. However, some argue that their involvement can lead to unintended consequences, such as increased fraud, costs, and time in appraisals.

  1. Reduced Appraiser Independence: AMCs often act as intermediaries between lenders and appraisers. This setup can potentially compromise the independence of appraisers, as they may feel pressure to meet AMC demands and adhere to strict guidelines, even if they may not align with the true market value.

  2. Quality Control Challenges: AMCs frequently employ automated systems to review appraisals quickly. While this can be efficient, it may overlook nuances that a human appraiser would catch. This could lead to inaccuracies or missed details that compromise appraisal quality.

  3. Increased Costs: AMCs charge fees for their services, which are often passed on to borrowers. These additional costs can make homeownership more expensive and create barriers for some buyers.

  4. Extended Turnaround Times: Appraisers may face delayed assignments due to the AMC's review processes. Delays can result in longer wait times for borrowers, potentially affecting closing dates and adding stress to the homebuying process.

  5. Extended Ordering Times: Appraisers report AMCs "shopping" for the lowest fee for up to months on appraisals, instead of ordering an appraisal from a competent appraiser at a customary fee.

  6. Limited Appraiser Compensation: AMCs sometimes negotiate lower fees with appraisers to maximize their own profits. This can lead to appraisers feeling undervalued and overworked, potentially impacting appraisal quality.

It's important to note that not all AMCs are the same, and some may have robust quality control measures in place. However, concerns about fraud, increased costs, and extended appraisal times have led to ongoing debates about the role and effectiveness of AMCs in the real estate appraisal process.


In conclusion, while AMCs aim to provide value by streamlining the appraisal process, their involvement can have unintended consequences, including potential compromises in independence, increased costs, and longer turnaround times. Stakeholders in the real estate industry must carefully consider the pros and cons of AMC involvement and seek ways to balance efficiency with accuracy and fairness.

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